With colder temperatures comes colder air, leading to dry eyes and nasal airways. This time of
year does not have to be spent enduring burning and/or watery eyes though. There are a few
products and tricks you can use to keep your eyes feeling refreshed and comfortable.

What causes dry eyes?
Your eyes are lubricated by a tear film that consists of three layers. The three layers are lipid
(oil), mucus, and aqueous (water). Eyes become dry when these layers are out of balance.
Dry eyes can be a constant problem, but it can also happen temporarily. When your eyes do not
produce tears properly or when those tears evaporate too quickly, you end up with dry eyes.
This condition not only causes you discomfort, but it can also make it difficult to do everyday
tasks like using a computer or reading a book.
Seniors are more likely to develop dry eyes, but it can occur at any age. Winter is the season
when people experience this condition the worst. It is the time of year when the air has less
humidity (moisture), and furnaces are used to heat the air, making it even drier. Those factors
combined with windy conditions and sun glare can intensify dry eye symptoms throughout the
winter.

What are the symptoms?
Dry eyes may cause your eyes to sting, burn, or feel scratchy. It can also cause these
uncomfortable symptoms:
● Redness
● Light sensitivity
● Fatigue
● Excess mucus around the eyes
● Increased irritation of smoke or wind
● Feeling like something is in your eye
● Watery eyes
● Trouble wearing contacts
● Blurred vision
How do you treat dry eyes?

If you eliminate some irritants and habits, dry eyes can be mitigated.
● Use an air filter indoors to get rid of dust particles
● Wear sunglasses to prevent wind from blowing in your eyes
● Use eye drops for temporary relief
● Stop smoking and avoid environments with smoke
● Use a humidifier to add moisture to your home
● Do not direct car air vents or blow dryers towards your face
● Take breaks from tasks that require visual concentration like reading
● Supplement your diet with foods that contain fatty acids like salmon, chia seeds, and
ground flaxseed
● Rest a warm compress on your eyes to release the oil in the glands of your eyelids
Instead of (or in addition to) artificial tears, ask your optometrist about using Restasis, a
prescription eye drop. It does more than just lubricate your eyes. These drops have an
ingredient that also reduces inflammation from dry eyes and helps them produce natural tears to
keep your eyes moist. Although, to experience the full effects of Restasis, you must use the
drops every day for at least three months. Some users might experience a burning sensation
during the first few weeks of use.

If you are struggling to manage the symptoms of your dry eyes, contact Dr. Damanjit Johal . To
book an appointment click here . He can determine the best treatment for your situation. Dry eyes are a
common but treatable ailment, so there is no need to suffer any longer. Contact us for more information.